Map Matching Algorithms in GPS Navigating System and Their Functions


Author(s): R.Kamalambal

Fifth generation Global positioning system must be able to reconcile the user's location with the underlying map that process is known as map matching. Most existing research has focused on map matching when both the user's location and the map are known with a high degree of accuracy. However, there are many situations in which this is unlikely to be the case. Hence, this paper considers map matching algorithms that can be used efficiently in the gps navigating system. Map-matching algorithms integrate positioning data with spatial road network data to identify the correct link on which a vehicle is travelling and to determine the location of a vehicle on a link. A map-matching algorithm could be used as a key component to improve the performance of systems that support the navigation function of intelligent transport systems (ITS). The required horizontal positioning accuracy of such ITS applications is in the range of 1 m to 40 m (95%) with relatively stringent requirements placed on integrity (quality), continuity and system availability. A number of map-matching algorithms have been developed by researchers around the world using different techniques such as topological analysis of spatial road network data, probabilistic theory, Kalman filter, fuzzy logic, and belief theory. The performances of these algorithms have improved over the years due to the application of advanced techniques in the map matching processes and improvements in the quality of both positioning and spatial road network data.